The signal was very good this week from WINZ. 100% decode on both MFSK32 and MFSK64. All the text successfully decoded as well.

Full copy below:

Before RSID: «2020-06-13T02:31Z MFSK-32 @ 14070000+1500»

Welcome to program 156 of Shortwave Radiogram.

I’m Kim Andrew Elliott in Arlington, Virginia USA.

Here is the lineup for today’s program, in MFSK modes as noted:

1:46 MFSK32: Program preview (now) 2:55 Long-lost dragon lizard rediscovered* 10:08 MFSK64: Method to extract CO2 from atmosphere, make fuel* 14:38 This week’s images* 27:59 MFSK32: Closing announcements

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From Science News:

A nose-horned dragon lizard lost to science for over 100 years has been found

Dyna Rochmyaningsih 9 June 2020

Nearly 130 years ago, Italian explorer Elio Modigliani arrived at a natural history museum in Genoa with a lizard he’d reportedly collected from the forests of Indonesia.

Based on Modigliani’s specimen, the striking lizard - notable for a horn that protrudes from its nose - got its official taxonomic description and name, Harpesaurus modiglianii, in 1933. But no accounts of anyone finding another such lizard were ever recorded, until now.

In June 2018, Chairunas Adha Putra, an independent wildlife biologist conducting a bird survey in a mountainous region surrounding Lake Toba in Indonesia’s North Sumatra, called herpetologist Thasun Amarasinghe. Near the lake, which fills the caldera of a supervolcano, Putra had found “a dead lizard with interesting morphological features, but he wasn’t sure what it was,” says Amarasinghe, who later asked the biologist to send the specimen to Jakarta.

It took only a look at the lizard’s nose-horn for Amarasinghe to suspect that he was holding Modigliani’s lizard. “It is the only nose-horned lizard species found in North Sumatra,” he says.

Wooden arts and folktales of the Bataks - indigenous people native to the region - show that lizards have a special place in the people’s mythology. “But simply there was no report at all about this species” following Modigliani’s, says Amarasinghe, of the University of Indonesia in Depok.

He asked Putra to get back to the caldera to see if there was a living population. After five days, Putra found what he was looking for one evening, “lying on a low branch, probably sleeping,” according to the biologist. He took pictures of the lizard and measured the size and shape of its body parts, such as the length of its nose-horn and head. He also observed its behavior before finally releasing it the same night.

Using this data, Amarasinghe compared the lizard with the one described in 1933, and concluded that the living lizard and the dead one that Putra had stumbled across were in fact Modigliani’s nose-horned lizards. The Genoa museum’s dead specimen is pale blue due to preservation, but it’s now known that the lizard’s natural color is mostly luminous green. Its camouflage and tree-dwelling behavior are similar to African mountain chameleons, Amarasinghe, Putra and colleagues report in the May Taprobanica: The Journal of Asian Biodiversity.

The reptile belongs to the Agamidae family of lizards, which are commonly called dragon lizards and include species such as bearded dragons. Shai Meiri, a herpetologist at Tel Aviv University, has previously shown that many dragon lizards live in small, hard-to-access areas, making the reptiles difficult to study. There are 30 agamid species that have never been seen since they were first described, and 19 species which are known from just a single specimen, Meiri says.

While thrilled with their find, Amarasinghe and Putra are worried about the lizard’s future. “The living dragon was found outside a conservation area, and massive deforestation is happening nearby,” Amarasinghe says.

But the rediscovery offers a glimmer of hope for the lizard’s conservation, Meiri says. Before the reptile resurfaced, no one knew where exactly Modigliani’s lizard lived, or whether it had already gone extinct, he says. But now, “we can study it, understand its conservation needs and hopefully implement conservation measures.”

Image: Modigliani’s lizard is notable for the horn that emerges from its nose …

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From New Atlas:

BMW invests in technology to pull gasoline out of the air

C.C. Weiss 9 June 2020

BMW i Ventures, BMW’s hybrid venture firm, announced today it is investing in Prometheus Fuels. The Silicon Valley startup is working on technologies for pulling CO2 out of the atmosphere and processing it into carbon-neutral gasoline. The investment will help the company as it prepares for retail launch as early as late 2020.

Launched in 2019 by Rob McGinnis, a Yale Engineering PhD and startup veteran, Prometheus Fuels is refining processes and technologies for capturing CO2 from the air and processing it into gasoline, diesel and jet fuels that work with existing vehicles. According to the company, its processes are carbon neutral, 100 percent powered by solar and wind energy. Using its proprietary capture, fuel synthesis and fuel separation technologies, the company says it’s able to create fuel that is molecularly identical to oil-based gasoline.

Given its beginnings as captured CO2, Prometheus’ fuel does not add any net CO2 to the atmosphere from tailpipe emissions, making it a zero-net-carbon fuel. Furthermore, it prevents the extraction of oil and natural gas that would otherwise be necessary to create the same amount of gasoline.

Unlike other sustainable fuels that require vehicle modifications, Prometheus’ gasoline is designed to work seamlessly with existing internal combustion engines, allowing buyers to simply choose it at the pump, fill up and go. Prometheus’ goal is to price it at the same level as traditional gasoline before bringing price down over time so there’s no price penalty for its use, either.

“The ability to create gasoline from air, cost competitively with fossil fuels, is a game changer,” said Greg Smithies, Partner, BMW i Ventures. “The average car stays on the road for over eight years, meaning that even if the whole world switched to buying 100 percent electric cars tomorrow, it would still take almost a decade for today’s internal combustion engines to be off the road. By creating carbon-neutral gasoline from CO2 captured from the air, Prometheus Fuels allows the climate impact of today’s internal combustion engines to be massively reduced immediately.”

Prometheus estimates that if all fuels made from oil and gas were replaced with its style zero-net-carbon fuel, the world would see a 10-gigaton reduction in CO2 emissions per year, roughly 25 percent of global emissions. The company says that BMW i Ventures’ investment led a funding round of $12.5 million.

“BMW i Ventures investment will help us to accelerate our efforts to bring our zero-net-carbon fuel to market quickly,” said McGinnis.

Prometheus hopes to begin selling its fuel at California retail pumps later this year, expanding to other US and international markets in 2021. It says it is also working on related technologies for CO2 removal and sequestering.

Sources: BMW, Prometheus

Prometheus Fuels uses an old gasoline pump to promote its product …

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This week’s images …

One of the finalists in the 2020 Sony World Photography Awards is Argentinian José De Rocco. This is one of his photos of exterior walls in South America. From

 Sending Pic:138x208C;

Sunrise at Nyona Lake in northern Indiana. From

One of several photos from a Washington Post article about lightning hitting the Washington Monument. From

A deer flees flames as the Quail Fire burns near Winters, California, 6 June. From

In London, an image of Charles Dickens is projected on to the west towers of Westminster Abbey to mark the 150th anniversary of his death. From

In Lausanne, Switzerland, a nightclub transformed into a restaurant, as hygiene measures to curb the spread of Covid-19 still discourage the usual clubbing experience. From

Our art of the week is digital artwork at teamLab Planets in Tokyo, viewed by visitors on the day of the museum’s reopening. From

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Before RSID: «2020-06-13T02:58Z MFSK-64 @ 14070000+1500»

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I’m Kim Elliott. Please join us for the next Shortwave Radiogram.